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Nine African migrants who benefited from IOM's legal counselling
following a recent spate of anti-foreigner violence in the
Calabrian town of Rosarno have been issued with temporary residence permits for reasons of social protection under Article 18 of the Italian Immigration Act.
The migrants were part of a group of several hundred mostly
sub-Saharan farm workers who were exploited by corrupt employers in
citrus farms, working up to 12 hours a day with little or no pay
and who were forced to live in inhumane conditions in makeshift
huts and abandoned factories.
"An IOM team met the undocumented migrants in an Expulsion and
Identification Centre of the southern town of Bari, where many had
been transferred right after the January riots. We listened to
their testimonies and they provided us with key information on how
they were exploited in Calabria," says Simona Moscarelli, IOM's
legal expert in Rome.
Working with a network of Italian counter-trafficking NGOs, IOM
then organized the transfer of the migrants to shelters in various
parts of the country.
The Colosseum or Coliseum (/kɒləˈsiːəm/ kol-ə-SEE-əm), also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre (Latin: Amphitheatrum Flavium; Italian: Anfiteatro Flavio[aɱfiteˈaːtro ˈflaːvjo] or Colosseo [kolosˈsɛːo]), is an oval amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy. Built of travertine, tuff, and brick-faced concrete, it is the largest amphitheatre ever built. The Colosseum is situated just east of the Roman Forum. Construction began under the emperor Vespasian in AD 72 and was completed in AD 80 under his successor and heir, Titus. Further modifications were made during the reign of Domitian (81–96). These three emperors are known as the Flavian dynasty, and the amphitheatre was named in Latin for its association with their family name (Flavius).
The Colosseum could hold, it is estimated, between 50,000 and 80,000 spectators, having an average audience of some 65,000; it was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles (for only a short time as the hypogeum was soon filled in with mechanisms to support the other activities), animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology. The building ceased to be used for entertainment in the early medieval era. It was later reused for such purposes as housing, workshops, quarters for a religious order, a fortress, a quarry, and a Christian shrine.
Although partially ruined because of damage caused by earthquakes and stone-robbers, the Colosseum is still an iconic symbol of Imperial Rome and is listed as one of the New7Wonders of the World. It is one of Rome's most popular tourist attractions and also has links to the Roman Catholic Church, as each Good Friday the Pope leads a torchlit "Way of the Cross" procession that starts in the area around the Colosseum.
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